A septic system is a wastewater treatment system mostly found in houses that aren’t served by municipal sewers. While it is a myth that only rural homes have a septic system, it is very commonly found in urban households as well. A septic system comprises two parts – a drain field and a septic tank. The wastewater from the house flows into the septic tank through sewer pipes. The tank holds the water long enough for the solid and liquid parts to separate, and after a while, there are three different layers inside the tank. The top layer is mainly the oils and grease called the scum. The middle layer comprises of the wastewater, and the bottom layer is made up of the heavier particles called the sludge. There are certain things to be taken into consideration before moving into a house with a septic system:
1. A septic system does not affect drinking water: The septic system is an entirely independent entity, the homes that are dependent on them for wastewater management have a separate well for drinking purposes. However, proper care should be taken to maintain a sufficient distance between the drinking water well and the septic system to avoid any contamination.
2. How often the septic tank needs cleaning: The septic tank collects all the wastewater in the house and separates it into sludge and scum. Therefore, the tank needs to be pumped out periodically by a professional. The cleaning frequency is based on the size of the tank, the water usage, and the number of people staying in the household. But, an average frequency of once every 3 to 5 years is recommended.
3. Avoid clogging the septic system: If you want the septic system to function correctly, do not flush hair, dental floss, diapers, sanitary napkins, tampons, condoms, paper towels, etc. into the toilet. These items inhibit the natural biodegradation process that happens within the septic tank and eventually clog the pipes and pumps.
4. Know when the septic system is in trouble: If the septic system is not maintained correctly, it might give up after a few years. A persistent bad odor and slow draining are some of the red flags of a failing system. Any delay can lead to the complete system coming to a halt. It is, therefore, essential to keep track of the cleaning schedules and conduct timely inspections.
5. Recycling: Look for a professional waste disposal company that is licensed to carry out the recycling and help the environment and the agricultural sector. These companies send the sludge to the recycling centers, where they convert it into fertilizers by the process of anaerobic digestion. This sludge is also used for the creation of biogas and electricity.
Can’t remember when was the last time your house’s septic tank underwent maintenance? Call up Juddy’s Septic Service and get it serviced today to avoid any clogging or waterborne diseases. Remember, better safe than sorry.