Septic systems are a mainstay for most homes across America. Many homeowners tend to get an entire septic drainage system set up without actually knowing how it functions or the parts. Most of us get a complete system for our homes, which include leach fields and piping and not just septic tanks.

Everyone likes to know precisely what they’re putting into their homes. Septic systems are key in ensuring your home gets the best possible drainage. While some parts of that system are relatively discreet, it is best to know what the components are and their specifications so that you can get the most bang for your buck.

Generally, the most important parts of a septic system are the compartments, the leaching field, the baffles and, an access point. Here is why they’re essential:

Tank Compartments

The most important part of your septic system is the tank itself. Generally speaking, the septic tank is where all the wastewater generated in your home ends up. Most homes built in the recent past have more than just one compartment.

The compartments also serve as the most critical part of any septic system. After all, without it, your wastewater wouldn’t have any place to go and leach into the ground, polluting it.

If you have a tank with two compartments, one is used to store all the wastewater from your home. It allows all the solid matter to settle while the lighter particulate matter floats. Any remaining polluting matter is allowed in the second chamber to settle further before the water is released into your leaching field.

Two-compartment tanks have gained popularity thanks to their effectiveness in removing pollutants, but it all boils down to the volume of pollutants in the wastewater.

Most of us get our septic tanks installed underground because it tends to be the most logical solution to save space and make your homes look good, but don’t forget to make, at the very least, an access point at ground level. It serves to make it easier to get to the tank without having to dig up your property and paying for that extra labor.

Leaching Field

Also known as a septic drain field, it is where all the excess water from your septic tank flows through.

Is it safe? Yes, it is.

In most cases, there are minor pollutants that don’t get filtered through your septic tank because they are too small, but these pollutants are taken care of by the soil that the water percolates through. You will find it interesting to know that some of these pollutants are great for your soil and plants. They thrive on these pollutants and grow better as a result.


These components are essential to the working of your septic tank. They sit at the top of your septic tank to ensure solids and floating pollutants don’t flow out of the tank but stay inside. They’re very good at their jobs.
Don’t underestimate how important these are; however if it breaks down; it can lead to plumbing backups, the smell of sewage, and worst of all, smelly and dirty leach fields. None of us want that.

One of the most glaring problems with baffles is that due to all the gases that are found in a septic tank, they tend to break down over time. But that issue can be solved if you install a plastic baffle. These tend to last longer, are easier to replace, and wear and tear is easier to spot.

Are you in need of top-notch septic & portable sanitation solutions in Northern New Hampshire or Northern Vermont, reach out to our experts at Juddy’s Septic Service.

Skip to content